OCAD University Open Research Repository

Transportation Experiences of Autistic Young Adults: A Scoping Review and Proposal for Future Research

Bienstock, Liam (2024) Transportation Experiences of Autistic Young Adults: A Scoping Review and Proposal for Future Research. [MRP]

Item Type: MRP
Creators: Bienstock, Liam

Background: Many news articles, online posts, and studies related to work and school highlight barriers to community mobility for Neurodiverse individuals. This scoping review aimed to to gain a comprehensive understanding of these challenges.

Methods: The search, conducted between January 2012 and January 2022, across platforms such as MEDLINE, Wiley, Taylor & Francis, Sage, and Google Scholar, yielded 56 relevant articles after eliminating duplicates and irrelevant studies. Articles fell into two main categories: those focusing on experiences and those examining interventions.

Results: Results indicate a scarcity of research directly investigating the mobility experiences of Neurodiverse individuals, with the majority centered on driving difficulties among Autistic adults. Moreover, only a small number of articles explored public transit or alternative transportation methods, despite many Neurodiverse individuals primarily relying on these modes. The interventions explored varied widely, including traffic training, transit apps, monitoring tools, specialized teaching, virtual reality, and autonomous vehicles.

Conclusion: Overall, there is emerging literature underscores the challenges faced by Neurodiverse individuals in driving and using public transit. However, due to limited qualitative and quantitative data, the mobility needs of neurodiverse individuals remains unclear. Additionally, it seems that most research originates from the United States and Australia, leaving a significant gap in understanding the Canadian context. Consequently, further investigation is warranted, particularly with the development of the National Autism Strategy. As such, the writer proposes a two-part qualitative study on the public transportation experiences of Autistic young adults.

Date: 8 May 2024
Divisions: Graduate Studies > Inclusive Design
Date Deposited: 10 May 2024 17:32
Last Modified: 10 May 2024 17:32
URI: https://openresearch.ocadu.ca/id/eprint/4477

Actions (login required)

Edit View Edit View