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Transnational pharmacogovernance: Emergent patterns in the jazz of pharmaceutical policy convergence

Wiktorowicz, Mary, Moscou, Kathy and Lexchin, Joel (2018) Transnational pharmacogovernance: Emergent patterns in the jazz of pharmaceutical policy convergence. Globalization and Health, 14 (1). ISSN 1744-8603

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12992-018-0402-5


As a transnational policy network, the International Council for Harmonization of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use (ICH) aligns international regulatory standards to address the pressures of globalization on the pharmaceutical industry and increase access to new medicines. Founding ICH members include regulators and pharmaceutical industry trade associations in the European Union, the United States and Japan. In this paper we explore the manner in which state interdependence fosters the conditions for regulatory harmonization by tracing the underlying parallels between ICH and member state pharmacogovernance to clarify emergent patterns in regulatory policy convergence.
A shift to the life cycle approach to pharmaceutical regulation corresponded with international convergence in pre-market standards as emphasis shifted to post-market standards where convergence remains unresolved. Transnational pharmacogovernance was found to concentrate regulatory authority within a co-regulatory model of bilateral negotiation with pharmaceutical trade associations in defining safety and efficacy standards. Given a context of state interdependence, parallels were found between transnational and ICH member pharmacogovernance modes that guide policy development. Divergent modes of state regulatory governance that re-calibrate perceptions of risk and risk mitigation were found to coincide with post-market policy dissonance.
Although interdependence fostered harmonization in pre-market standards and aligned with increased focus on post-market approaches, the confluence of divergent state governance modes and perceptions of risk may inspire improvisation in post-market standards. As the ICH expands to an ensemble with a greater global reach, further research is needed to clarify the manner in which interdependence shapes transnational pharmacogovernance and the conditions that foster policy convergence in the public interest.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Faculty of Design
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2020 18:41
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2021 19:02
URI: https://openresearch.ocadu.ca/id/eprint/3129

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